1869 map of New Zealand’s Māori iwi & confiscated land

1869 map of iwi boundaries and confiscated land.
[Click to enlarge] “Sketch map of the North Island of New Zealand shewing native tribal boundaries, topographical features, confiscated lands, military and police stations, etc. 1869.” – Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, NZ Map 471.
This 1869 map of New Zealand’s North Island shows Māori iwi (tribal) boundaries, confiscated land, location of armed police and military bases, and where gold was found.

It’s fascinating in many ways, not least because it shows the staggering amount of land confiscated in the Waikato – more than 1.2 million acres. The confiscations were made under the New Zealand Settlements Act 1863.

From a Museum of New Zealand: Te Papa Tongarewa entry on Māori land rights:

The Crown created various laws in the 1860s to allow it to take land. The New Zealand Settlements Act 1863 allowed it to confiscate the land of North Island iwi deemed to have rebelled against the Crown. The Public Works Act 1864 let it take land for roads, railways, and other public works.

The Native Land Court, established in 1865 (and renamed the Māori Land Court in 1954), encouraged Māori to sell land to private buyers. But the Crown remained the biggest purchaser. It on-sold most of its Māori land, often for a profit.

By 1939, almost 100 years after the Treaty was signed, Māori retained just 1 percent of the South Island and 9 percent of the North Island. Land losses continued as the 20th century progressed, again supported by legislation.

You might also be interested in:

Map of New Zealand’s Māori Iwi – evolvingnewsroom
The New Zealand Wars – Te Ara
1863 land confiscation law – nzhistory.net
Excerpts from James Belich’s TV series The New Zealand Wars – NZ On Screen
Books about the New Zealand Wars – Te Ara
Timeline of the New Zealand Wars – newzealandwars.co.nz
How to Add Macrons to Māori Words – evolvingnewsroom


Bookmarks for July 24, 2015

Morepork slow-mo

Keeper cam! Morepork (rūrū) are silent hunters – their soft wing feathers make no sound as they swoop down on their prey. Zookeeper Debs captured an amazing slow-mo video showing one of our rūrū in action!

Posted by Auckland Zoo on Wednesday, 22 July 2015


Job prospects for new journalists? Low-ish, according to app

A sobering picture of becoming a journalist in this screengrab from the NZ Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment’s career-planning app Occupation Outlook.

Journalists' Prospect MBIE App

Why the lowish-looking job prospects for journalists in New Zealand? Because: competition for few vacancies.

Chances of getting a job as a journalist have improved, due to higher turnover in the industry and major changes in the way the industry is structured, but prospects are still limited because of high competition for few vacancies. Chances of promotion have also improved, with many more senior positions available than used to be the case.

The brightest prospects (and most expensive to study) include veterinarian, doctor, dentist, physiotherapist, psychologist, accountant and environmental scientist.

Environmental Scientists' Prospects

The Occupation Outlook app was launched by MBIE earlier this year. Here’s the MBIE blurb:

Occupation Outlook is a great place to look when thinking about your study and career options. It contains education, employment and income information on 50 key occupations in New Zealand to give you a clearer picture of possible career paths. These 50 were chosen for their size, popularity, and potential for future growth.

You’ll find the link for the app (iTunes or Google Play) here.

Below is the page about journalism that appears in the app.

MBIE Occupation Outlook: Journalists


We need more knowledgeable, reflective tech journalism in New Zealand


Too often an exclusive is nothing more

Tech journalist Bill Bennett wrote recently about how few tech journalists there are working in New Zealand and how even those few don’t write exclusively about New Zealand or for local publications. Like the rest of us, they go where the money is.

You can count the number of full-time technology journalists writing for New Zealand audiences on your fingers. Experienced local journalists are as likely to turn up on overseas publications as on local titles.

It means we no longer tell the best stories about local technology companies. We don’t report the ways New Zealanders deal with technology. A lot gets missed.

Bill scrolls through the main tech publications and tech sections of mainstream media and notes how many people are working at each publication and the pressures they are under – in a nutshell: not many people, they mostly wear two or three hats, the commercial realities are hard, writers are under pressure to produce a lot of content every day and “there’s not much time for reflection”.

This… explains why the IDG sites [Computerworld, for example] are full of overseas filler material. It keeps the pipeline full at no extra cost to the publisher. The stories seem to be picked at random. No thought is given to whether a story serves readers.

Amen to that. I’ve recently unsubscribed to some of these publications for that very reason (along with the fact that there’s a lot of repetition of stories across IDG titles).

Bill’s piece is well worth a read and it chimes with feedback I’ve been hearing for the past few years from developers and tech entrepreneurs in New Zealand. The following sentiments are typical:

You can send a press release in and they just run the whole thing, word for word. It’s bizarre.

Someone needs to do some decent reporting around cloud apps. I get a couple of sentences in to stories and think ‘that’s a press release’ and give up. That’s not what I want to read.

Some of the things they run are just wrong. I don’t mean a bit off, I mean just completely wrong. I know, because I was there.

I don’t mean to bag on tech journalists here, they get some good work done under difficult conditions and many of us remain regular readers of their stories.

But I think Bill makes a very good point when he says that the absence of a thriving tech media is not just bad for readers, it’s bad for the tech industry:

Leaders of New Zealand tech companies need to be aware of what is going on in their industry, not what someone’s promotional output says. They need intelligence, not propaganda…

Because overseas news feeds dominate the agenda in New Zealand, people buying here are more likely to hear about an overseas supplier than a local one. Investors will put their money overseas, skilled workers will look for jobs overseas. This is already causing problems.

The lack of balanced, impartial and thoughtful New Zealand technology journalism creates the impression there’s not much going on here.

But there’s a lot going on here:

I haven’t researched the market and don’t know the size of the opportunity but I hope it’s sufficient to prompt someone to take a tilt at generating fresh, well-rounded tech journalism and making it pay.

Bill hints at having an idea about exactly that in his post. So if you have any thoughts, fire them his way.


Map of New Zealand’s Māori Iwi (tribes)

Map of New Zealand's Maori Iwi (tribes)

This map shows the tribal boundaries of New Zealand’s Māori Iwi (tribes).

The map is from New Zealand Trade and Enterprise‘s rather good Māori Cultural Kit for people wanting to do business with Māori organisations.

The kit is available online, as a PDF and as an iPhone or Android app.

Map of NZ Māori Iwi - North Island
Click on this map to see/download the PDF from the NZTE website.


Map of NZ Māori Iwi - South Island
Click on this map to see/download the PDF from the NZTE website.


You might also want to check out:

How to Add Macrons to Māori Words | evolvingnewsroom.nz

Directory of iwi and Māori organisations | Te Puna Kokiri

Māori Maps | Interactive map of marae

Iwi statistics | statistics.govt.nz (Census 2013)

Kupu o te Rā  | Te Reo word of the day email

100 Māori words all New Zealanders should know | nzhistory.net.nz (includes audio)

Learn Te Reo | a list of courses compiled by Mana Magazine

A collection of Maori Whakataukī, or proverbs | maori.org.nz

The sweetness of the kumara | The meaning of whakataukī | RadioNZ

History of the Māori language | nzhistory.net.nz

Te Taura Whiri i Te Reo Māori | Māori Language Commission

The Māori Language: Selected Events 1800-2010 | parliament.nz

1869 Map of Iwi Boundaries & Confiscated Land | evolvingnewsroom.nz

Review of regulation that ensures free local phone calls for all New Zealanders (2013)

There’s a review under way into the Telecommunications Service Obligations (TSO), a regulation that requires Telecom to ensure every household in New Zealand has access to free local phone calls, 111 calls, and an affordable, basic internet/fax connection. To be more precise the TSO ensures:

• Continued availability of a connection that can provide voice calls, dial-up internet and dialup faxes
• A free local-calling option
• Monthly line rental charges that do not increase by more than the Consumer Price Index
(CPI),2 and that are no higher for rural areas than for urban areas
• Free 111 calls
• A listing in the White Pages telephone book.

The regulation came about after Telecom was privatised: to make sure nobody missed out on basic phone services in this new market environment. But that was back when less than half of New Zealanders had internet connections and none of us had smartphones. Now more than 80% of New Zealanders have internet (mostly broadband), there’s a proliferation of mobile phones, and networks are getting faster.

The review aims to determine whether the TSO is still relevant and whether it should be altered and, if so, how much. There’s a summary discussion document, embedded below, and a more detailed review discussion document.

The deadline for submissions is August 20. + Google Calendar | + PingMe an email reminder 5 days before the deadline.


Summary Discussion Document on TSO Review


Bill Bennett to launch tech news service with Scoop & Geekzone (2013)

From the inbox this morning comes an announcement from Auckland-based tech journalist Bill Bennett that he is teaming up with Geekzone and Scoop to provide a digital tech news service for New Zealand called digitl.

No launch date or sample content yet, but here’s how it’s going to work:

Screengrab of Digitl headerHow does it work?

Digitl has a unique publishing model built around a regularly updated news feed. This will be distributed in two ways:

  • Digitl partners. Geekzone and Scoop will run the entire feed.
  • Subscribers. Publishers and other media outlets can subscribe to feed licences for a monthly fee. The fee is considerably less than the cost of hiring a specialist journalist. Commercial organisations such as computer companies, telcos or distributors will also be able to buy subscriptions. Subscribers are free to use whatever content from the feed they choose, but must acknowledge digitl.

How much will you publish?

Eventually we will publish at least 20 news items a week. In addition, there will be regular longer analytical features. We’re also looking at using audio and video.

How will you make money?

We will charge clients to produce, distribute and host case studies. Paid-for material will be clearly flagged in the news feed. Geekzone and Scoop have huge reach, so we can give clients greater and most cost-effective distribution than any other media channel in New Zealand.

News organisations and commercial businesses can subscribe to our news feed. Our subscriptions will give them the right to use all feed material as they wish at no extra cost. Non-subscribers can buy the rights to individual stories.

You can read more about the venture at digitl.co.nz.

What Parliament is talking about in the House July 9-11

Below is the Order Paper – an agenda, if you like – for the New Zealand House of Representatives sitting today, Tuesday July 9. It outlines which Petitions, Papers and Select Committee reports may be tabled; which bills introduced, and which questions answered during the session.

There may be revisions to the Order Paper between now and the time of sitting, and the House won’t get through everything included on it. You can find Order Papers on the NZ Parliament website and subscribe to email alerts there. There’s also advice on How to Read an Order Paper.

You can watch Parliament live while it’s in session on parliament.nz or on TV at  Freeview 22, Igloo 25, Sky 90, Vodafone 90, and see YouTube clips of highlights on inthehouse.co.nz.

Parliament is scheduled to sit on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday this week. Normal sitting hours are: Tuesdays & Wednesdays: 2 p.m. to 6 p.m. & 7.30 p.m. to 10 p.m.; Thursdays: 2 p.m. to 6 p.m.


Final Order Paper Tuesday July 9 2013