1869 map of New Zealand’s Māori iwi & confiscated land

1869 map of iwi boundaries and confiscated land.
[Click to enlarge] “Sketch map of the North Island of New Zealand shewing native tribal boundaries, topographical features, confiscated lands, military and police stations, etc. 1869.” – Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, NZ Map 471.
This 1869 map of New Zealand’s North Island shows Māori iwi (tribal) boundaries, confiscated land, location of armed police and military bases, and where gold was found.

It’s fascinating in many ways, not least because it shows the staggering amount of land confiscated in the Waikato – more than 1.2 million acres. The confiscations were made under the New Zealand Settlements Act 1863.

From a Museum of New Zealand: Te Papa Tongarewa entry on Māori land rights:

The Crown created various laws in the 1860s to allow it to take land. The New Zealand Settlements Act 1863 allowed it to confiscate the land of North Island iwi deemed to have rebelled against the Crown. The Public Works Act 1864 let it take land for roads, railways, and other public works.

The Native Land Court, established in 1865 (and renamed the Māori Land Court in 1954), encouraged Māori to sell land to private buyers. But the Crown remained the biggest purchaser. It on-sold most of its Māori land, often for a profit.

By 1939, almost 100 years after the Treaty was signed, Māori retained just 1 percent of the South Island and 9 percent of the North Island. Land losses continued as the 20th century progressed, again supported by legislation.

You might also be interested in:

Map of New Zealand’s Māori Iwi – evolvingnewsroom
The New Zealand Wars – Te Ara
1863 land confiscation law – nzhistory.net
Excerpts from James Belich’s TV series The New Zealand Wars – NZ On Screen
Books about the New Zealand Wars – Te Ara
Timeline of the New Zealand Wars – newzealandwars.co.nz
How to Add Macrons to Māori Words – evolvingnewsroom


Map of New Zealand’s Māori Iwi (tribes)

Map of New Zealand's Maori Iwi (tribes)

This map shows the tribal boundaries of New Zealand’s Māori Iwi (tribes).

The map is from New Zealand Trade and Enterprise‘s rather good Māori Cultural Kit for people wanting to do business with Māori organisations.

The kit is available online, as a PDF and as an iPhone or Android app.

Map of NZ Māori Iwi - North Island
Click on this map to see/download the PDF from the NZTE website.


Map of NZ Māori Iwi - South Island
Click on this map to see/download the PDF from the NZTE website.


You might also want to check out:

How to Add Macrons to Māori Words | evolvingnewsroom.nz

Directory of iwi and Māori organisations | Te Puna Kokiri

Māori Maps | Interactive map of marae

Iwi statistics | statistics.govt.nz (Census 2013)

Kupu o te Rā  | Te Reo word of the day email

100 Māori words all New Zealanders should know | nzhistory.net.nz (includes audio)

Learn Te Reo | a list of courses compiled by Mana Magazine

A collection of Maori Whakataukī, or proverbs | maori.org.nz

The sweetness of the kumara | The meaning of whakataukī | RadioNZ

History of the Māori language | nzhistory.net.nz

Te Taura Whiri i Te Reo Māori | Māori Language Commission

The Māori Language: Selected Events 1800-2010 | parliament.nz

1869 Map of Iwi Boundaries & Confiscated Land | evolvingnewsroom.nz